Zac H. Forsman, PhD

Google Scholar, updated Nov 2020: h-index 21, i10-index 30, 1,517 citations, • = students mentored

Forsman ZH, Page C, Vaughan D (in press) Coral Fusion: Harnessing coral clonality for reef restoration. in Active Coral Reef Restoration: New technologies for a changing planet. Ed. David Vaughan J Ross Publishing.

Colín-García NA, Campos JE, Tello-Mussi JL, Chiappa-Carrara X, Arena-Ortiz ML, Forsman ZH; Arias-González JE (2020) Environmental variation is associated with increased morphological and molecular variation in Pseudodiploria corals. Marine Biodiversity. 50, 111

Torres A, Forsman ZH, Ravago-Gotanco R (2020) Shifts in coral clonality along a gradient of disturbance: insights on reproduction and dispersal of Pocillopora acuta. Marine Biology 167, 161

Forsman ZH, Ritson-williams R‡, Tishammer K, Knapp ISS, R.J. Toonen RJ (2020) Host-symbiont coevolution, cryptic structure, and bleaching susceptibility in a coral species complex (Scleractinia; Poritidae). Scientific Reports 10, 16995.

Wada N, Yuasa H, Kajitani R, Gotoh Y, Ogura Y, Yoshimura D, Toyoda A, Tang S, Higashimura Y, Sweatman H, Forsman ZH, Bronstien O, Eyal G, Thongtham N, Hayashi T, Itoh T, Yasuda N (in press). Predominant subcuticular bacteria (Spirochaetia sp.) in the Indo-Pacific crown-of-thorns starfish and its whole genome sequence. Microbiome 8, 123

Forsman ZH (2020) Divide and conquer: how the microfragmentation technique can help restore coral impacted by climate change and mass coral bleaching. The Biologist, Royal Society of Biology, vol. 67. No1. London.

Brown N•, Forsman ZH, Tisthammer KT•, Richmond RH (2020) A resilient brooding coral in the broadcast spawning Porites lobata species complex: a new endemic, introduced species, mutant, or new adaptive potential? Coral Reefs. 39,809-818

Tisthammer KH•, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ, Richmond RH (2020) Genetic structure is stronger across human-impacted habitats than among islands in the coral Porites lobata. PeerJ.8550

Bowen BW, Forsman ZH, Whitney JL, Faucci A, Hoban M, Canfield SJ, Johnston EC•, Coleman RC, Copus JM•, Vicente J, Toonen RJ (2020) Synthesis: Adaptive Radiations in the Sea: What the Flock? Journal of Heredity

Capel K•, Lopez C, Molto-Martin I, Zilberberg C, Creed JC, Knapp ISS, Hernandez M, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ, Kitahara M, (2020) Atlantia, a new Dendrophylliidae genus (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia) from Eastern Atlantic. PeerJ 8 e8633.

Wada N, Yuasa H, Kajitani R, Gotoh Y, Ogura Y, Yoshimura D, Toyoda A, Tang S, Higashimura Y, Sweatman H, Forsman ZH, Bronstien O, Eyal G, Thongtham N, Hayashi T, Itoh T, Yasuda N (2020). Predominant subcuticular bacteria (Spirochaetia sp.) in the Indo-Pacific crown-of-thorns starfish and its whole genome sequence. Biorxiv

Greene A•, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ, Donahue M (2019) CoralCam: a flexible, low-cost ecological monitoring platform. HarwareX7:E00089

Iguchi A, Yoshioka Y, Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Toonen RJ, Hongo Y, Nagai S, Yasuda N (2019) RADseq population genomics confirms divergence across closely related species in blue coral (Heliopora coerulea). BMC Evolutionary Biology. 19:187

Cunha RL, Forsman ZH, Belderok R•, Knapp ISS, Castilho R, Toonen RJ, (2019) Rare coral under the genomic microscope: timing and relationships among Hawaiian Montipora. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 19: 153

Terraneo TI•, Fusi M, Hume BCC, Arrigoni R, Voolstra CR, Benzoni F, Forsman ZH, Berumen ML (2019) Environmental latitudinal gradients and host specificity shape Symbiodiniaceae distribution in Red Sea Porites corals. Journal of Biogeography. 46: 2323– 2335

Tisthammer KH, Forsman ZH, Richmond RH (2019) Genetic structure is stronger across human-impacted habitats than among islands in the coral Porites lobata. Biorxiv;

Miller M. Blackburn H, Forsman ZH, Hagerdorn M, Lohr K, Moulding A, O’Neil K, Penfold L, Winders S (2019) Acropora recovery implementation team working group report and recommendations on Genetic Banking. National Marine Fisheries Service. p.10

Copus JM•, Montgomery WL, Forsman ZH, Bowen BW, Toonen RJ (2018) Geopolitical species revisited: Genomic and morphologial data indicate three threatened and endangered species in the Roundtail Chub Gila robusta species complex (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) is a single species. PeerJ 6:e5605

Forsman ZH, Maurin P, Parry M, Chung A•, Sartor C•, Hixon M, Hughes K, Rodgers K, Knapp I, Gulko D, Franklin E, Torres L, Chan N, Wolke C, Gates R, Toonen RJ (2018) The First Hawai‘i Workshop For Coral Restoration & Nurseries. Marine Policy. 96, 133-135

Johnston EC•, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ. (2018) Plasticity or chimerism? Color variation in Montipora verrilli / M. patula. Galaxea, 19:1 33-34

Price MR, Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Hadfield MG (2018) A comparison of mitochondrial genomes from five species in three genera suggests polyphyly in the subfamily Achatinellinae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Stylommatophora: Achatinellidae) Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources. 3:2, 611-612

Terraneo TI•, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Forsman ZH, Berumen ML (2018) The complete mitochondrial genome of Porites harrisoni (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) obtained using Next Generation Sequencing. Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources. 3:1, 286-287

Terraneo TI•, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Forsman ZH, Berumen ML (2018) Using ezRAD to reconstruct the complete mitochondrial genome of Porites fontanesii (Cnidaria: Scleractinia). Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources 3:1, 173-174

Johnston EC•, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ (2018) A simple molecular technique for distinguishing species reveals frequent misidentification of Hawaiian corals in the genus Pocillopora. PeerJ 6:e4355

Capel K•, Toonen RJ, Rachid CT, Creed JL, Kitahara M, Forsman ZH, Zilberberg C (2017) Clone wars: asexual reproduction may be key to the invasion success of Tubastraea spp. (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) in the South-Atlantic Ocean. PeerJ vol. 5 pp: e3873

Johnston E•, Forsman ZH, Schmidt-Roach S, Pinzon J, Flot JF, Toonen RJ (2017) A genomic glance through the fog of plasticity and diversification in Pocillopora. Nature Scientific Reports. 7:5991

McFadden C, Haverkort-Yeh R•, Reynolds A, Halasz A, Quattrini A, Forsman ZH, Benayahu Y, Toonen RJ (2017) Species boundaries in the absence of morphological, ecological or geographical differentiation in the Red Sea octocoral genus Ovabunda (Alcyonacea: Xeniidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 112; 174-184.

Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Tisthammer KH•, Eaton DAR, Belcaid M, Toonen RJ (2017) Coral hybridization or polymorphism? Genomic data reveal gene flow between Porites lobata and P. compressa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 111: 132-148.

García NAC, Campos JE, Tello Mussi JL, Forsman ZH, Montero Muñoz JL, Reyes AM, Arias González JE. (2017) Comparative molecular and morphological variation of Siderastrea stellata in the Gulf of Mexico. Biological Bulletin.232: 58-70.

Price MR, Forsman ZH, Knapp I, Toonen RJ, Hadfield MG (2016a) The complete mitochondrial genome of Achatinella sowerbyana (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Stylommatophora) Mitochondrial DNA Part B 1.1 (2016): 666-668.

Hellberg ME, Prada C, Tan M, Forsman ZH, Baums IB (2016) Getting a grip at the edge: recolonization and introgression in eastern Pacific Porites corals. Journal of Biogeography 43: 2147 – 2159.

Capel KCC•, Migotto AE, Zilberberg C, Lin MF, Chen CA, Forsman ZH, Miller DJ, Kitahara MV (2016) The mitochondrial genomes from the Atlantic invasive coral species, Tubastraea coccinea and T. tagusensis (Scleractinia, Dendrophylliidae). Gene-41359

Knapp ISS, Puritz J, Bird C, Whitney J, Sudek M, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ (2016) ezRAD- an accessible next-generation RAD sequencing protocol suitable for non-model organisms_v3.2.

Tisthammer KH•, Forsman ZH, Sindorf V, Massey T, Bielecki C, Toonen RJ (2016) The complete mitochondrial genome of the lobe coral Porites lobata (Anthozoa:Scleractinia) sequenced using ezRAD. Mitochondrial DNA part B; Resources 1.1 (2016): 247-249.

Price MR, Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Hadfield MG, Toonen RJ (2016b) The complete mitochondrial genome of Achatinella mustelina (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Stylommatophora). Mitochondrial DNA part B; Resources. 1(1), 175-177.

LaJeunesse T, Forsman ZH, Wham D (2015) The occurrence of an invasive ‘zooxanthella’ further indicates that “Siderastrea glynni” is Siderastrea siderea introduced from the Caribbean to the Tropical Eastern Pacific. Coral Reefs 35.2: 577-582.

Forsman ZH, Vaughan D, Page CA, Toonen R (2015a) Growing coral larger and faster: accelerating coral cover by colony fusion; PeerJ 3:e1313

Knapp IS•, Forsman ZH, Williams GJ, Toonen RJ, Bell JJ (2015) Evidence of cryptic speciation in Haliclona (Gellius) caerulea, family: Haplosclerida; PeerJ; 3:e1170.

Pochon X, Forsman ZH, Spalding HL, Padilla-Gamino J, Smith C, Gates RD (2015) Depth zonation and sympatric cryptic diversity in a Hawaiian deep water coral (Leptoseris spp.) and associated algal symbionts. Royal Society of Open Science vol. 2 (2) p. 140351

Forsman ZH, Wellington GM, Fox GE, Toonen RJ (2015b) Clues to the species problem: Genetic and morphological variation in Porites across the Pacific. PeerJ vol. 3 p. e751

Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Szabo Z, Toonen RJ (2014) Intraspecific fluorescent phenotypes in Montipora capitata. Galaxea 16: 17-18

Schmidt-Roach S, Johnston E•, Fontana S, Jury C, Forsman ZH (2014) Daytime spawning of Pocillopora species in Kāneʻohe Bay, Hawai’i. Galaxia 16:11-12

Prada C, Neigel JE, Yednock B, Stake J, Forsman ZH, Baums IB, Hellberg ME (2014) Genetic testing of three Caribbean coral morpho-species: to lump or to split the branching Porites? Coral Reefs 33(4): 1019-1030

Toonen RJ, Puritz JB, Forsman ZH, Whitney J, Bird CE, Fernandez-Silva I, Andrews K. (2013). ezRAD: a simplified method for genomic genotyping in non-model organisms. Peer J 1:e203; DOI 10.7717/peerj.203

Forsman ZH, Marti-Puig P•, Haverkort RD•, Maragos JE, Toonen RJ (2013) Extreme phenotypic polymorphism in Pocillopora (Anthozoa: Scleractinia); corallite morphology corresponds to mitochondrial groups, while taxonomy based on colony morphology does not. Bulletin of Marine Science 03/2013; 90(1).

Forsman ZH, Johnston EC•, Brooks AJ, Adam TC, Toonen RJ (2013b) Genetic evidence for regional isolation of Pocillopora corals from Moorea. Oceanography 26(3):153–155

Luck DG•, Forsman ZH, Toonen RJ, Leicht SJ•, Kahng SE (2013) Polyphyly, cryptic species and depth zonation in Hawaiian Leptoseris (Scleractinia: Agariciidae), a dominant mesophotic coral genus. PeerJ. 1:e132; DOI 10.7717/peerj.132

Farrar CE, Forsman ZH, Gates RD, Leong JC, Toonen RJ (2013) Observing the Coral Symbiome Using Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy. Science Vol. 399 (6119) pp. 518-519

Forsman ZH, Knapp ISS, Toonen RJ. (2013) Edwin W. Pauley Summer program report. Advancing tools for biodiversity studies: genomics and bioinformatics of cnidarians with a focus on corals. Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa.

Stat M, Baker A, Correa A, Forsman ZH, Huggett M, Pochon X, Skillings D, Starger C, van Oppen M, Gates RD (2012) Molecular delineation of species in the coral holobiont. Advances in Marine Biology vol. 63 p. 1-65

Forsman ZH, Kimokeo BK•, Hunter CL, Toonen RJ (2012) Coral farming: species specific effects of light, water motion and artificial foods. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 92: pp 721-729

Forsman ZH, Peyton KA, Knapp ISS, Toonen RJ (2012) Benthic surveys for the Waikīkī beach sand replenishment project. State of Hawaiʻi Division of Aquatic Resources Report. p. 67

Work TM, Forsman ZH, Szabo Z, Lewis TD, Aeby GS, Toonen RJ (2011) Inter-specific coral chimerism: genetically distinct multicellular structures associated with tissue loss in Montipora capitata. PLoS One 6(7) e22869

Baranets V•, Forsman ZH, Karl SA (2011) Microsatellite loci for the plate-and-pillar coral, Porites rus. Conservation Genetic Resources 3: 519 – 521.

Forsman ZH, Concepcion GT•, Haverkort RD•, Shaw RW, Maragos JE, Toonen RJ (2010) Ecomorph or endangered coral? DNA and microstructure reveal Hawaiian species complexes: Montipora dilatata/flabellata/turgescens & M. patula/verilli. PLoS One 5(12):e15021

Forsman ZH, Martinez JA•, Maragos JE, Toonen RJ (2010) Resurrection of Porites hawaiiensis Vaughan 1907; a Hawaiian coral obscured by small size, cryptic habitat and confused taxonomy. Zootaxa 2624:67-68

Forsman ZH, Birkeland C (2009) Porites randalli: a new coral species (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from Samoa. Zootaxa 2244:51-59

Brown DP, Basch L, Barshis D•, Forsman ZH, D Fenner D, Goldberg J (2009) American Samoa’s island of giants: Massive Porites colonies at Ta’u Island. Coral Reefs 28:735

Forsman ZH, Barshis D•, Hunter CL, Toonen RJ (2009) Shape-shifting corals: Molecular markers show morphology is evolutionarily plastic in Porites. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:45

Forsman ZH, Parry M, Pelleteri S, Cubit J, Hunter CL, Gulko D, Everson A, Calahan C, Foster K, Ziemann D (2008) Sea urchin (Tripneustes gratilla) aquaculture for biocontrol of invasive algae and reef restoration in Hawaiʻi. U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Office p.10

Forsman ZH, Phillips J, Gulko DA, Foster KB (2008) Primary restoration: enhancement of coral recovery at the M/V Cape Flattery incident site. U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Office. p.24

Keeley S, Forsman ZH, Chan R (2007) A phylogeny of the “Evil Tribe” (Vernonieae: Compositae) reveals old/new world long distance dispersal: support from separate and combined congruent datasets (trnl-F, ndhF, ITS). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 89-103

Foster KB, Forsman ZH, Sukhraj NC‡ (2007) Barbers Point (Kalaeloa) Harbor deep draft harbor fish and wildlife coordination act investigation marine assessment and impact analysis. U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Pacific Islands Office. p. 82

Forsman ZH, Hunter CL (2007) Propagation of Hawaiian corals for reef restoration. Hawaiian Coral Reef Initiation/NOAA report. p.18

Forsman ZH, Rinkevich B, Hunter CL (2006) Investigating fragment size for culturing reef-building corals (Porites lobata and P. compressa) in ex situ nurseries. Aquaculture 261: 89-97

Forsman ZH, Wellington GM, Hunter CL G.E. Fox (2006) Is the ITS region the solution to the ‘species problem’ in corals? Intragenomic variation and alignment permutation in Porites, Siderastrea and outgroup taxa. 10th International Coral Reef Symp 14-23

Forsman ZH, Guzman HM, Chen CA, Fox GE, Wellington GM (2005) An ITS region phylogeny of Siderastrea (Cnidaria:Anthozoa); is S. glynni endangered or introduced? Coral Reefs 24: 343-347

Forsman ZH, Lednicky JA, Fox GE, Willson RC, White Z, Halvorson S, Wong C, Lewis AM, Butel JS (2004) Phylogenetic analysis of polyomavirus simian virus 40 from monkeys and humans reveals genetic variation. Journal of Virology 78(17): 9306-9316

Forsman ZH (2003) Phylogeny and Phylogeography of Porites & Siderastrea (Scleractinia: Cnidaria): Species in the Caribbean and Eastern Pacific: Based on the Nuclear Ribosomal ITS Region. PhD Dissertation. University of Houston.